New Report Provides Framework for Research-Informed Juvenile Probation

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Timothy Daty, University of New Haven
 
In the recent decades, research concerning juvenile offenders has greatly expanded and become quite influential in the shaping of policies and practices. In particular, research has consistently shown that juvenile populations represent a unique population of offenders and that distinct treatments are appropriate. Based on these findings, Harvell and colleagues (2018) argue that the criminal justice system must recognize such differences. Unlike adult offenders, juveniles are still developing both psychologically and biologically. As a result, juveniles often have lower self-control, especially during emotional situations. In these instances, behavior can be widely affected and delinquency can result (Harvell et al., 2018; National Research Council, 2013). Creating strategies that are specifically tailored to juvenile offenders is the most effective course of action to reduce reoffending. In their research report, Harvell et al. (2018) stress collaboration between researchers and practitioners, particularly within juvenile probation.

Read more: New Report Provides Framework for Research-Informed Juvenile Probation

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Human Trafficking in the United States: Significance of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA)

human-trafficking

Sarbjeet Kaur, University of New Haven
 
One of the greatest human rights violations in today’s world is human trafficking, which has been growing at an alarming rate. Every year, 600,000 to 800,000 people are trafficked across international borders; 80% of them are females, of which about half of those are children (U.S. Department of State, 2004, p. 6). This epidemic is complicated, involving not just neighboring or within countries, but across different continents. In 2014, the number of different trafficking flows was more than 500 (UNODC, 2016, p. 1). With the United States being one of the top 10 destination countries, an outrageous number of persons are trafficked into this country every year. According to the annual report from the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), most of the victims brought into North America are from Asia, Latin America, and the Caribbean. Most of these trafficked persons are brought into the country for sexual exploitation and forced labor, and the direst part is that due to the covert nature of this crime, it is hard to find the source countries for this trafficking (U.S. Department of State, 2009).

Read more: Human Trafficking in the United States: Significance of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act...

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An Exploration of Campus Sexual Assaults, Online Prevention Programs, and the Procedural Fairness of Campus Disciplinary Proceedings

Campus Sexual Assaults

Michelle A. Malone, University of New Haven
 
Sexual assaults, regardless of when and where they occur or to whom they victimize, are a serious public health problem that brutally harms victims, both physically and mentally.  The statistics demonstrating the pervasiveness of sexual assaults in the United States are astounding.  Nearly one in three women and approximately one in six men suffer from some form of sexual violence during their lifetime (Zapp, Buelow, Soutiea, Berkowitz, & DeJong, 2018).  Non-majority populations, inclusive of “persons with disabilities, certain racial/ethnic groups and those who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender,” are more likely to be victimized than their peers (Zapp, et al., 2018, p. 2).  More particularly, females between the ages of 18- and 24-years old experience the highest rates of rape and sexual assaults (Moore & Baker, 2018).   Research indicates that “depression, anxiety, eating disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, and suicidal ideation” are both the long and short-term health consequences for victims following attacks (Fedina, Holmes, & Backes, 2018, p. 76).  Assault victims may be even more susceptible to revictimization, academic suffering, and the engagement of risky behaviors, including drug experimentation and binge drinking (Fedina, et al., 2018).  Therefore, any reductions in sexual assaults will benefit at-risk victim populations.

Read more: An Exploration of Campus Sexual Assaults, Online Prevention Programs, and the Procedural Fairness...

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The EBP Quarterly - 2018 - Volume 3, Number 4

  • human-trafficking

    Human Trafficking in the United States: Significance of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA)

    Sarbjeet Kaur, University of New Haven   One of the Read More
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Editor: David L. Myers, PhD, University of New Haven

Publisher: Joyfields Institute

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The Evidence-Based Professional Newsletter

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Federal prison reform bill signed into law.

First Step Act Is Signed Into Law Reauthorizing Second Chance Act

President Trump has signed into law a bipartisan legislation to reform the federal prison system.
 

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What it means to be an evidence-based practitioner

Giving Up Your "Guy In A Diner" Card

Evidence-Based Implementation Specialist, Mark Lowis writes about "what it means to be an evidence-based practitioner". Mr. Lowis also wrote the book, "Motivational Interviewing: Core Skills for Durable Change:
 

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5 components for becoming an evidence-based organization

Becoming An Evidence-Based Organization

Dr. David Myers, author of the book, "How to Become An Evidence-Based Organization: Demonstrating Leadership Sustainability" describes the 5 key components to consider.
 

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Experts, practitioner, and solutions providers are invited to submit proposals to speak on evidence-based case management, care coordination, counseling and supervision conferences and workshops this April 17-19 in New Orleans, LA.

 
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Seasons Center Continues Push for Evidence-Based Services Excellence

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FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

 

October 25, 2018 - Atlanta, GA - The Society for Evidence-Based Professionals, EBP Society andJoyfields Institute for Evidence-Based Professionals jointly announced today that Seasons - Center for Behavioral Health of Spencer, Iowa achieved re-Certification as an Evidence-Based Organization (CEBO)

"We are pleased to announce that Seasons Center for Behavioral Health has met the requirements for renewal of its status as a Certified Evidence-Based Organizations (CEBO). Findings during the re-certification assessment process indicate the organization continues to demonstrate a number of strengths in the five key components of an Evidence-Based Organization (EBO)", said Sobem Nwoko, President, Joyfields Institute. For  re-certification, an organizarion is subject to a rigorous self evaluation overseen by an evidence-based expert evaluator. Specifically, the agency is;

Read more: Seasons Center Continues Push for Evidence-Based Services Excellence

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The EBP Quarterly - 2018 - Volume 3, Number 3

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    Evidence-Based Practices in Corrections: From On-Paper to the Front-Line

    Kristi L. Greenberg, University of New Haven Evidence-based practices are accepted Read More
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suicides

Suicide Among College Students

Ewa K. Zielinska, University of New Read More
community policing

Community Policing

Marquita D. Higgins, Walden University Community Read More
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Editor: David L. Myers, PhD, University of New Haven

Publisher: Joyfields Institute

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Stop and Frisk: A Proactive Response or Bias-Based Policing?

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George M. Froggé, Austin Peay State University

Crime detection and prevention are two important duties performed by police on a daily basis. There is a fine line to observe when it comes to crime prevention and protecting an individual’s Constitutional rights. Advocates for implementing the crime control model would agree with routine enforcement of stop-and-frisk, as a proactive police response. On the other end of the spectrum, proponents of the due process model pose it is just another form of bias-based policing and racially motivated. This paper will discuss the concept of stop-and-frisk, while giving the reader an opportunity to determine if it is a proactive police response to crime or bias-based policing.

Read more: Stop and Frisk: A Proactive Response or Bias-Based Policing?

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Suicide Among College Students

suicides

Ewa K. Zielinska, University of New Haven

Suicide, “an inward-directed act of violence,” has been a consistent problem in the United States and internationally (Title & Paternoster, 2000). According to the 2016 National Center for Health Statistics Brief, “suicide is an important public health issue involving psychological, biological, and societal factors” (Curtin, Wagner, & Hedegaard, 2016, p. 1). Based on data between 1999 and 2013, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) places suicide as one of 15 leading causes of death for individuals between 10 and 64 years of age, especially among adolescents and young adults. In 2013, suicide was the second leading cause of death among all races and sexes for ages 10-24, and the fifth for ages 25-44 (see Figure 1.)

Continue reading about Suicide among college studentsSuicide Among College Students

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Evidence-Based Practices in Corrections: From On-Paper to the Front-Line

corrections

Kristi L. Greenberg, University of New Haven

Evidence-based practices are accepted as the gold standard within criminal justice agencies. In some instances, what works on paper is carried out effectively in the field, whereas in others, barriers are met by the realities of the front line. In corrections, there are eight accepted principles believed to reduce recidivism of offenders: the use of risk assessments, the need to enhance motivation, targeting interventions, matching offender traits with interventions, use of cognitive behavioral therapy, strengthening pro-social influences, adhering to program principles, and the use of data to guide actions (NCSC, 2018). These principles and the challenges perceived to their implementation are discussed below, from the point of view of a practitioner working in an institutional correctional setting.

Continue reading about evidence based approaches to correctionsEvidence-Based Practices in Corrections: From On-Paper to the Front-Line

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